Defensive Blocks: How do they work?

‘’Attack wins you games, defense wins you titles’’ Sir Alex Ferguson

This quote by Sir Alex highlights the importance of defense in football. While some people will go saying nobody is born wanting to become a defender, Sir Alex saw the importance of defense and turned into the most important tactical aspect in the game.

Defending is not only about having quality defenders or quality defensive midfielders. Not at all. Being good in defense as a team means that your block should be strong. What is a block? A block is the team’s shape when they do not have the ball.

Following Chelsea’s 4-0 defeat against Manchester United this season, Mourinho insisted on the importance of being compact defensively, on the importance of forming a block.

“Nowadays you look to the good teams and all the good teams defend compact. Higher block or lower block, the lower block is more defensive, the higher block more offensive, more aggressive, but always in the block.’’

Mourinho spoke about 2 types of blocks. He did not mention the 3rd one, the medium block.


Let us break down each and every one of them!

 The Low Block:

The low block means having a very deep defensive line. The low block is literally the ‘’park the bus’’ block. Used by many teams, especially Simeone’s Atletico, this type of block consists in having a minimum of 8 players forming two defensive lines making hard for the opposition to find space.

The low block requires a good pressing strategy. Teams should know when to press and more importantly who to press the harder. They usually target a key player in the opposition and makes life difficult for him and therefore for his team.

This type of block is seen by many as unpleasant but has been proved by Mourinho and Simeone to be very effective when it comes to winning titles especially when the counterattacks are as good as the block.


The Medium Block:

Use by Croatia during the 2018 World Cup, the medium block, which by the way is the most balanced of the three, consists in having a short and narrow defensive shape to cover the middle and force the opposition to play wide. By allowing the opposition to play wide makes the team have total control of the danger zones.

The team here usually stays within its own half. The aim is to allow the opposition backline to possess the ball and apply immediate pressure when the ball is played forward into midfield.

The team must sit deep in order to be able to apply defensive pressure on the midfielders and attackers without conceding too much space in behind.


The High Block:

Used by Cruyff, Guardiola and most of the offensive teams, this block consists in having a high and very aggressive offensive line in order to have possession.

Having a high block is not enough, it should be used as conjunction of both a high line and high pressure.

Using a high line helps compressing the field, this will reduce the space that the team in possession use in their build-up.

The high block denies opponents the time and space to accurate their through balls or long passes. It is a very risky tactic but proved to be very effective when mastered.

The following video, which by the way was made by OneTouchFootball, shows in image how each block can be used. It also give a real life example of how a medium block works:

5 thoughts on “Defensive Blocks: How do they work?

  1. Pingback: Gasperini’s Atalanra: Tactical Approach – Football – Footprints

  2. Pingback: Are Possession Statistics Really Relevant? – Football Footprints

  3. Pingback: Why is Douglas Costa struggling under Sarri? – Football Footprints

  4. Pingback: Breaking Defensive Lines With 1 Pass – Football Footprints

  5. Pingback: Why Are Formations So Important In Football Tactics? – Football Footprints

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s